Results: 105 publications.

Girl2Girl: How to develop a salient pregnancy prevention program for cisgender sexual minority adolescent girls

Introduction: Although sexual minority girls are more likely than heterosexual girls to be pregnant during adolescence, programs tailored to their needs are non-existent. Here we describe the iterative development of Girl2Girl, a text messaging-based pregnancy prevention program for cisgender lesbian, gay, bisexual and other sexual minority (LGB+) girls across the United States. Methods: Four activities are described: 1) 8 online focus groups to gain feedback about intended program components (n = 160), 2) writing the intervention content, 3) 4 online Content Advisory Teams that reviewed and provided feedback on the salience of drafted intervention content (n = 82), and 4) a beta test to… » Read More


Iterative development of In This toGether, the first mHealth HIV prevention program for older adolescents in Uganda

In Uganda, HIV prevention programming for older adolescents is noticeably lacking, even though HIV incidence rates increase dramatically from adolescence into young adulthood. Here we describe the development of In This toGether (ITG), the first-of-its-kind, comprehensive text messaging-based HIV prevention program for both sexually active and abstinent 18- to 22-year-old Ugandans. Five iterative development activities are described: (1) conducting focus groups (FGs) to better understand the sexual decision-making of older adolescents across Uganda and to gain ‘voice’ of older adolescents; (2) the drafting of intervention content based on FG data; (3) testing of the drafted content with two Content Advisory… » Read More


Clinical outcomes from the texting for relapse prevention (T4RP) in schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder study

This 6 month randomized control trial investigated whether a novel text-messaging program impacted targeted clinical outcomes in patients with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder (SAD). Forty patients were enrolled and completed baseline, 3-month and 6-month assessments. The intervention group received daily symptom check-in text messages, plus, a medication reminder or, inspirational quote text. The control group had treatment as usual. At 6 months the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale mean positive score was significantly lower and injectable medication compliance was significantly higher in the intervention group. Recovery scores were significantly higher at 3 months. Results suggest that this program may benefit… » Read More


Clinical outcomes from the texting for relapse prevention (T4RP) in schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder study

This 6 month randomized control trial investigated whether a novel text-messaging program impacted targeted clinical outcomes in patients with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder (SAD). Forty patients were enrolled and completed baseline, 3-month and 6-month assessments. The intervention group received daily symptom check-in text messages, plus, a medication reminder or, inspirational quote text. The control group had treatment as usual. At 6 months the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale mean positive score was significantly lower and injectable medication compliance was significantly higher in the intervention group. Recovery scores were significantly higher at 3 months. Results suggest that this program may benefit… » Read More


Reasons Lesbian and Bisexual Adolescent Girls Have or Might Have Sex with Females or Males: Implications for discordance between sexual identity and behaviors and for prevention of pregnancy and STIs

We examined reasons lesbian and bisexual adolescent girls have sex or, if sexually inexperienced, might have sex with girls or boys, and the role of internalized homonegativity in these relations and among lesbians. Girls were recruited online and classified as lesbian (n = 129) or bisexual (n = 193); the classification was validated. Love and pleasure were common reasons for having sex with girls, although more lesbian girls (LG) than bisexual girls (BG) endorsed love. BG, relative to LG, had sex with girls because they were curious or wanted to verify their sexual identity. Love and pleasure were motives for having sex… » Read More


A national, qualitative study of sexual decision making by teenage girls who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, or who have another nonheterosexual identity

Objective: To address the significant dearth of literature that examines how girls who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, or who have another nonheterosexual identity (LGB+) decide when and with whom to have sex; and to explore why inexperienced LGB+ girls might have sex with girls or boys. Study design: We conducted 8 online, asynchronous, bulletin board-style focus groups with 160 adolescent girls 14-18 years of age. The transcripts were analyzed using a thematic analysis of each girls’ responses to the questions. Analyses were focused on increasing our understanding of sexual health decision making among LGB+ teenage girls (eg, “What was the reason you… » Read More


What counts?: A qualitative study of adolescents’ lived experience with online victimization and cyberbullying

Ranney ML, Pittman SK, Riese A, Koehler C, Ybarra ML, Cunningham RM, Spirito A, Rosen RK. What Counts?: A Qualitative Study of Adolescents’ Lived Experience With Online Victimization and Cyberbullying. Acad Pediatr. 2020 May-Jun;20(4):485-492. doi: 10.1016/j.acap.2019.11.001. Epub 2019 Nov 8. Abstract: Objective: To inform development of cyberbullying interventions that are both accurate and meaningful to all adolescents, this qualitative analysis examines experiences of online peer victimization among a sample of predominately minority and low-income youth. Methods: Adolescents ages 13 to 17 years who reported past-year cyberbullying on a previously validated survey were recruited from an urban pediatric clinic to complete semistructured interviews…. » Read More


Developing Texting for relapse prevention: A scalable mHealth program for people with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder

Symptom relapse in people with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder is common and has a negative impact on the course of illness. Here, we describe the development of Texting for Relapse Prevention, a scalable, cost-effective text messaging relapse prevention program that queries patients’ “early warning signs” daily. Results of development focus groups and content advisory teams with 25 patients and 19 providers suggest that patients were enthusiastic about the program and thought that receiving daily messages about their symptoms would help them feel supported. Providers also were positive about the idea but worried that the program might interfere with patient-provider communication… » Read More


A cross-sectional study examining the (in)congruency of sexual identity, sexual behavior, and romantic attraction among adolescents in the US

Objective: To examine how sexual identity, romantic attraction, and sexual behavior co-relate for cisgender adolescents. Study design: The Teen Health and Technology survey was a cross-sectional, self-report online survey. More than 5000 youth between 13 and 18 years of age were randomly recruited through Harris Panel OnLine’s panel as well as outreach by GLSEN to over-recruit lesbian, gay, bisexual, and other sexual minority youth. Data were collected between 2010 and 2011. Analyses were conducted in 2018 and restricted to cisgender youth. Results: Overall, romantic attraction and sexual behavior most closely mapped each other. The greatest discordance was noted between sexual identity and romantic… » Read More


Linkages between violence‐associated attitudes and psychological, physical, and sexual dating abuse perpetration and victimization among male and female adolescents

Attitudes about violence and sex in dating relationships were related to psychological, physical, and sexual teen dating abuse perpetration and victimization. Data from Wave 4 of the national, randomly selected, Growing up with Media cohort (n = 876 adolescents aged 14‐19 years), collected in 2011, were analyzed. Dating youth perceived more peer pressure to have sex and were more accepting of sex in brief or nonmarital relationships than pre‐dating youth. Boys had higher levels of rape‐supportive attitudes than girls. Among dating youth, the relative odds of involvement in teen dating abuse as a perpetrator or a victim were generally associated with greater… » Read More


Feasibility, acceptability, and process indicators for Guy2Guy, an mHealth HIV prevention program for sexual minority adolescent boys

Purpose: Guy2Guy is one of the first mHealth HIV prevention programs for sexual minority boys aged 14-18 years, evaluated nationally. Here, we examine the program’s feasibility and acceptability and explore participants’ feedback about program content and components intended to invigorate program engagement. Methods: Guy2Guy was tested in a randomized controlled trial of 302 youth assigned to either the intervention or an attention-matched control group. At 3-month follow-up, participants completed a survey that included questions about feasibility and acceptability. Focus groups were conducted with a subset of intervention participants (n = 45) to further understand their program experience. Results: The protocol and program appeared… » Read More


Health indicators of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and other sexual minority (LGB+) youth living in rural communities

Objective: To investigate whether the intersectionality of being lesbian, gay, bisexual, and other sexual minority youth (LGB+) and living in a rural community may portend worse concurrent health indicators than identifying as heterosexual and/or living in a nonrural community. Study Design Data were collected online between 2010 and 2011 from 5100 13- to-18-year-old youth across the US. Youth were randomly recruited from within the Harris Panel Online and through targeted outreach efforts to LGBT+ youth by a youth-focused nonprofit. The survey questionnaire was self-administered and included measures used in the present study and other measures related to the goal of… » Read More